Leviticus 23:22

Parallel Verses

New American Standard Bible

‘When you reap the harvest of your land, moreover, you shall not reap to the very corners of your field nor gather the gleaning of your harvest; you are to leave them for the needy and the alien. I am the LORD your God.'”

King James Version

And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.

Holman Bible

When you reap the harvest of your land, you are not to reap all the way to the edge of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. Leave them for the poor and the foreign resident; I am the Lord your God.”

International Standard Version

Furthermore, when you harvest the produce of your land, you are not to harvest all the way to the corners of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. Leave them for the poor and resident alien. I am the LORD your God.”

A Conservative Version

And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shall not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shall thou gather the gleaning of thy harvest. Thou shall leave them for the poor man, and for the sojourner. I am LORD your Go

American Standard Version

And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them for the poor, and for the sojourner: I am Jehovah your God.

Amplified

And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap the corners of your field, neither shall you gather the gleanings of your harvest; you shall leave them for the poor and the stranger. I am the Lord your God.

Bible in Basic English

And when you get in the grain from your land, do not let all the grain at the edges of the field be cut, and do not take up the grain which has been dropped in the field; let that be for the poor, and for the man from another country: I am the Lord your God.

Darby Translation

And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not in thy harvest entirely reap the corners of thy field, and the gleaning of thy harvest shalt thou not gather: thou shalt leave them unto the poor and to the stranger: I am Jehovah your God.

Jubilee 2000 Bible

And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest; thou shalt leave them for the poor and for the stranger. I AM your God.

Julia Smith Translation

And in your reaping the harvest of your land, thou shalt not finish the extremity of thy field in thy reaping, and the gleaning of thy harvest thou shalt not glean: to the poor and to the stranger thou shalt leave them: I Jehovah your God.

King James 2000

And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not completely reap the corners of your field when you reap, neither shall you gather any gleaning of your harvest: you shall leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.

Lexham Expanded Bible

And when you reap the harvest of your land, you must not finish the edge of your field at your reaping, and you must not glean the remnants of your harvest–you shall leave them behind for the needy and for the alien; I Yahweh your God.'”

Modern King James verseion

And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not completely reap the corner of your field. When you reap the gleaning of your harvest, you shall not gather. You shall leave them to the poor and to the stranger. I am Jehovah your God.

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

“‘When ye reap down your harvest, thou shalt not make clean riddance of thy field, neither shalt thou make any after gathering of thy harvest: but shalt leave them unto the poor and the stranger. I am the LORD your God.'”

NET Bible

When you gather in the harvest of your land, you must not completely harvest the corner of your field, and you must not gather up the gleanings of your harvest. You must leave them for the poor and the foreigner. I am the Lord your God.'”

New Heart English Bible

“‘When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap into the corners of your field, neither shall you gather the gleanings of your harvest: you shall leave them for the poor, and for the foreigner. I am the LORD your God.'”

The Emphasized Bible

And, when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly clear the border of thy field when thou reapest, and, the gleanings of thy field, shalt thou not glean, – for the poor and for the sojourner, shalt thou leave them. I – Yahweh, am your God.

Webster

And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them to the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.

World English Bible

“‘When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap into the corners of your field, neither shall you gather the gleanings of your harvest: you shall leave them for the poor, and for the foreigner. I am Yahweh your God.'”

Youngs Literal Translation

And in your reaping the harvest of your land thou dost not complete the corner of thy field in thy reaping, and the gleaning of thy harvest thou dost not gather, to the poor and to the sojourner thou dost leave them; I Jehovah am your God.’

Interlinear

English(KJV)

Strong’s

Root Form

Definition

Usage

Kalah 

consumeendfinishfailaccomplishdonespendendeddeterminedawayfulfilfaintethdestroyleftwaste

Usage: 207

bible.knowing-jesus.com

Israel is to hold a holy convocation on each weekly Sabbath—Israel is to keep the Feasts of the Passover, of Unleavened Bread, of Pentecost or Firstfruits, of Trumpets, of the Day of Atonement, and of Tabernacles.

1 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.

3 Six days shall work be done: but the aseventh day is the bsabbath of rest, an holy cconvocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the dsabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.

4 ¶ These are the feasts of the Lord, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.

5 In the afourteenth day of the first month bat even is the Lord’s cpassover.

6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord: seven days ye must eat aunleavened bread.

7 In the first day ye shall have an holy aconvocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

9 ¶ And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the afirstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:

11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.

12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he alamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the Lord.

13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the Lord for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.

14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

15 ¶ And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; aseven sabbaths shall be complete:

16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number afifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord.

17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave aloaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with bleaven; they are the firstfruits unto the Lord.

18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven alambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the Lord, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the Lord.

19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.

20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the Lord for the priest.

21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

22 ¶ And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the apoor, and to the stranger: I am the Lord your God.

23 ¶ And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of ablowing of btrumpets, an holy cconvocation.

25 Ye shall do no servile awork therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.

26 ¶ And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy aconvocation unto you; and ye shall bafflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.

28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the Lord your God.

29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.

30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.

31 Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye acelebrate your sabbath.

33 ¶ And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this aseventh month shall be the bfeast of ctabernacles for seven days unto the Lord.

35 On the first day shall be an holy aconvocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

36 Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord: it is a asolemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.

37 These are the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, aevery thing upon his day:

38 Beside the sabbaths of the Lord, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the Lord.

39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.

40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the Lord your God seven days.

41 And ye shall keep it a afeast unto the Lord seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month.

42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths:

43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in abooths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.

44 And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the Lord.

www.lds.org

leviticus 23:22

Read Leviticus 22 and 23 at Bible Gateway.

The Hebrew paragraph divisions for our chapters today are:

Lev 22:1-16 {p} The law of the separation of the holy things + offerings given to the LORD
Lev 22:17-25 {s} No sacrifice with a defect shall be offered as the bread of God;
Lev 22:26-33 {p} Sacrifices become acceptable on the eighth day + the LORD sanctifies Israel
Lev 23:1-3 {p} The law of the Sabbath
Lev 23:4-8 {p} The law of Passover and Unleavened Bread
Lev 23:9-14 {s} The law of the Firstfruits of the Barley Harvest
Lev 23:15-22 {p} The law of the Firstfruits of the Wheat Harvest
Lev 23:23-25 {s} The law of Trumpets
Lev 23:26-32 {p} The law of Atonement
Lev 23:33-44 {p} The law of Tabernacles

Lev 22 continues in the same vein as our reading from yesterday: the spotlessness and separateness (the true meaning of “holy”) of the LORD’s things, and His sacrifices. The theme of Lev 23 is “the feasts of the LORD,” (Lev 23:2). “Feasts” in Hebrew is moed, Strong’s H4150. We have seen this word before! It is the same word used beginning in Exodus and throughout Torah, for the tent of meeting (moed). The concordance says it means an appointed place or time. These feasts are the LORD’s appointed times, or appointments, that He has set aside to meet with His people!

In Egypt, where Israel came from, and in Canaan, where Israel was going, they celebrated feast days to their gods. In fact, we still have many of these same feast days on our national calendars – still, after thousands of years! The LORD’s feast days, however, are not like the feast days of the idols. His feast days (or “holy days,” i.e., holidays) have been established by Him from the foundation of the world. For in Gen 1:14, God tells us that He created lights in the firmament of the heavens to “be for signs and seasons (moed), and for days and years;” — to mark (the meaning of “sign” in Hebrew) the LORD’s appointed times (moed). Morever, each of His feasts prophesy of Messiah Yeshua in amazing ways.

God’s paragraph divisions help us identify the LORD’s appointed times of meeting:

The Sabbath on the seventh day (Lev 23:1-3 {p}). This day is so hallowed to the LORD, that even its instructions in Lev 23 are separated (the Hebrew meaning of “holy”) from the instructions for the rest of the feast days by a {p} strong paragraph division.

1. Passover (Lev 23:4-5) in the evening of the 14th of the 1st biblical month.

2. Unleavened Bread (Lev 23:6-8 {p}) for 7 days beginning on the 15th of the 1st biblical month. Notice that the instructions for Passover and Unleavened Bread are combined into a single paragraph.

3. Firstfruits of the Barley Harvest (Lev 23:9-14 {s}) which falls on the day after the Sabbath (Sunday) that falls during the week of Unleavened Bread.

4. Weeks (Lev 23:15-22 {p}) or the Firstfruits of the Wheat Harvest, which falls 7 weeks from the Firstfruits of the Barley Harvest, also on the day after the Sabbath (Sunday).

5. Trumpets (Lev 23:23-25 {s}), which falls on the 1st day of the 7th month.

6. Atonement (Lev 23:26-32 {p}), which falls on the 10th day of the 7th month.

7. Tabernacles (Lev 23:33-44 {p}), or the Firstfruits of the Fruit Harvest, for 7 days beginning on the 15th day of the 7th month.

The feast days also star as the central axis of an interesting chiastic structure:

1a) Lev 21:6-22:33 {s+p+p+s+p} The bread of God and those who offer it shall be without defilement or defect;

1b) Lev 23:1-3 {p} The Law of the Sabbath;

1c) Lev 23:4, These are the feasts of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim;

1d) Lev 23:5, Passover precedes Unleavened Bread;

1e) Lev 23:6-8 {p} The week long feast of Unleavened Bread;

1f) Lev 23:9-14 {s} Firstfruits of the Barley Harvest, when Jesus arose, the firstfruits of the resurrection (1 Cor 15:20-23);

central axis) Lev 23:15-22 {p} Firstfruits of the Wheat Harvest (Weeks), on which the Torah and the Spirit was given (Exo 19-20, Act 2);

2f) Lev 23:23-32 {s+p} Trumpets, when will be the resurrection of those who are His at His coming (1 Cor 15:52, 1 The 4:16) announces Atonement;

2e) Lev 23:33-36a, The week long feast of Tabernacles;

2d) Lev 23:36b, The 8th Day follows Tabernacles;

2c) Lev 23:37-44 {p} These are the feasts of the Lord which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations;

2b) Lev 24:1-4 {p} The Law of the tending the menorah;

2a) Lev 24:5-9 {s} The Law of tending the showbread (the bread of God).

The B pair is the most interesting: the Law of the Sabbath/ the Law of tending the menorah. They are forced together by the elements surrounding them, but how do these pair?

leviticus 23:22

When we do not neglect Sabbath, the foundation of the annual feast cycle (and by extension, the annual feasts) our observance shines a continual light of witness. Isn’t God and His word amazing!

For further reading:

The Feasts of the Lord index of studiesFeast: Hebrew Word study – Brad Scott

Israel’s Feasts and Their Fullness – Batya Ruth Wootten

www.alittleperspective.com

This portion covers all the “sacred occasions” that are mentioned in the Torah.  It is only at the very end that Sukkot –and its symbols of the sukkah and four species – is mentioned.  In the Reform tradition only the part that specifically focuses on Sukkot (Leviticus 23:33-44) is read on the holiday.

22:26.     The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:

22:27.     When an ox or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall stay seven days with its mother, and from the eighth day on it shall be acceptable as an offering by fire to the LORD.

22:28.     However, no animal from the herd or from the flock shall be slaughtered on the same day with its young.

22:29.     When you sacrifice a thanksgiving offering to the LORD, sacrifice it so that it may be acceptable in your favor.

22:30.     lt shall be eaten on the same day; you shall not leave any of it until morning: I am the LORD.

22:31.     You shall faithfully observe My commandments: I am the LORD.

22:32.     You shall not profane My holy name, that I may be sanctified in the midst of the Israelite people -I the LORD who sanctify you,

22:33.      I who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God, I the LORD.

23:1.         The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:

23:2.         Speak to the Israelite people and say to them:

These are My fixed times, the fixed times of the LORD, which you shall proclaim as sacred occasions.

23:3.         On six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there shall be a sabbath of complete rest, a sacred occasion. You shall do no work; it shall be a sabbath of the LORD throughout your settlements.

23:4.         These are the set times of the LoRD, the sacred occasions, which you shall celebrate each at its appointed time:

23:5.         In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, there shall be a passover offering to the LORD,

23:6.         and on the fifteenth day of that month the LORD’s Feast of Unleavened Bread. You shall eat unleavened bread for seven days.

23:7.         The first day shall be for you a sacred occasion: you shall not work at your occupations.

23:8.         Seven days you shall make offerings by fire to the LORD. The seventh day shall be a sacred occasion: you shall not work at your occupations.

23:9.         The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:

23:10.     Speak to the Israelite people and say to them:

When you enter the land which I am giving to you and you reap its harvest, you shall bring the first sheaf of your harvest to the priest.

23:11.     He shall wave the sheaf before the LORD for acceptance in your behalf; the priest shall wave it on the day after the sabbath.

23:12.     On the day that you wave the sheaf, you shall offer as a burnt offering to the LORD a lamb of the first year without blemish.

23:13.     The meal offering with it shall be two-tenths of a measure of choice flour with oil mixed in, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the LORD; and the libation with it shall be of wine, a quarter of a hin.

23:14.     Until that very day, until you have brought the offering of your God, you shall eat no bread or parched grain or fresh ears; it is a law for all time throughout the ages in all your settlements.

23:15.     And from the day on which you bring the sheaf of wave offering – the day after the sabbath-you shall count off seven weeks. They must be complete:

23:16.     you must count until the day after the seventh week-fifty days; then you shall bring an offering of new grain to the LORD.

23:17.     You shall bring from your settlements two loaves of bread as a wave offering; each shall be made of two- tenths of a measure of choice flour, baked after leavening, as first fruits to the LORD.

23:18.     With the bread you shall present, as burnt offerings to the LORD, seven yearling lambs without blemish, one bull of the herd, and two rams, with their meal offerings and libations, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the LORD.

23:19.     You shall also offer one he-goat as a sin offering and two yearling lambs as a sacrifice of well-being.

23:20.     The priest shall wave these-the two lambs together with the bread of first fruits as a wave offering before the LORD; they shall be holy to the LORD, for the priest.

23:21.     On that same day you shall hold a celebration; it shall be a sacred occasion for you; you shall not work at your occupations. This is a law for all time in all your settlements, throughout the ages.

23:22.     And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap all the way to the edges of your field, or gather the gleanings of your harvest; you shall leave them for the poor and the stranger: I the LORD am your God.

23:23.     The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:

23:24.     Speak to the Israelite people thus: In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe complete rest, a sacred occasion commemorated with loud blasts.

23:25.     You shall not work at your occupations; and you shall bring an offering by fire to the LORD.

23:26.     The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:

23:27.     Mark, the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. It shall be a sacred occasion for you: you shall practice self-denial, and you shall bring an offering by fire to the LORD;

23:28.     you shall do no work throughout that day. For it is a Day of Atonement, on which expiation is made on your behalf before the LORD your God.

23:29.     lndeed, any person who does not practice self-denial throughout that day shall be cut off from his kin;

23:30.     and whoever does any work throughout that day, I will cause that person to perish from among his people.

23:31.     Do no work whatever; it is a law for all time, throughout the ages in all your settlements.

23:32.     It shall be a sabbath of complete rest for you, and you shall practice self-denial; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall observe this your sabbath.

23:33.     The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:

23:34.     Say to the Israelite people:

On the fifteenth day of this seventh month there shall be the Feast of Booths to the LORD, seven days.

23:35.     The first day shall be a sacred occasion: you shall not work at your occupations;

23:36.     seven days you shall bring offerings by fire to the LORD. On the eighth day you shall observe a sacred occasion and bring an offering by fire to the LoRD; it is a solemn gathering: you shall not work at your occupations.

23:37.     Those are the set times of the LORD which you shall celebrate as sacred occasions, bringing offerings by fire to the LORD – burnt offerings, meal offerings, sacrifices, and libations, on each day what is proper to it-

23:38.     apart from the sabbaths of the LORD, and apart from your gifts and from all your votive offerings and from all your freewill offerings that you give to the LORD.

23:39.     Mark, on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the yield of your land, you shall observe the festival of the LORD seven days: a complete rest on the first day, and a complete rest on the eighth day.

23:40.     On the first day you shall take the product of hadar trees, branches of palm trees, boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.

23:41.     You shall observe it as a festival of the LORD for seven days in the year; you shall observe it in the seventh month as a law for all time, throughout the ages.

23:42.     You shall live in booths seven days; all citizens in Israel shall live in booths,

23:43.     in order that future generations may know that I made the Israelite people live in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, I the LORD your God.

23:44.     So Moses declared to the Israelites the set times of the LORD.

This English translation is reprinted with permission from Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures published by the Jewish Publication Society.

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