Isaiah 65:5

Содержание

Исаия 65:1

Я открылся не вопрошавшим обо Мне; Меня нашли не искавшие Меня. “Вот Я! вот Я!” говорил Я народу, не именовавшемуся именем Моим.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:1

Исаия 65:2

Всякий день простирал Я руки Мои к народу непокорному, ходившему путем недобрым, по своим помышлениям, –

Комментарий к Исаия 65:2

Исаия 65:3

к народу, который постоянно оскорбляет Меня в лице, приносит жертвы в рощах и сожигает фимиам на черепках,

Комментарий к Исаия 65:3

Исаия 65:4

сидит в гробах и ночует в пещерах; ест свиное мясо, и мерзкое варево в сосудах у него;

Комментарий к Исаия 65:4

Исаия 65:5

который говорит: “остановись, не подходи ко мне, потому что я свят для тебя”. Они – дым для обоняния Моего, огонь, горящий всякий день.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:5

Исаия 65:6

Вот что написано пред лицем Моим: не умолчу, но воздам, воздам в недро их

Комментарий к Исаия 65:6

Исаия 65:7

беззакония ваши, говорит Господь, и вместе беззакония отцов ваших, которые воскуряли фимиам на горах, и на холмах поносили Меня; и отмерю в недра их прежние деяния их.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:7

Исаия 65:8

Так говорит Господь: когда в виноградной кисти находится сок, тогда говорят: “не повреди ее, ибо в ней благословение”; то же сделаю Я и ради рабов Моих, чтобы не всех погубить.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:8

Исаия 65:9

И произведу от Иакова семя, и от Иуды наследника гор Моих, и наследуют это избранные Мои, и рабы Мои будут жить там.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:9

Исаия 65:10

И будет Сарон пастбищем для овец и долина Ахор – местом отдыха для волов народа Моего, который взыскал Меня.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:10

Исаия 65:11

А вас, которые оставили Господа, забыли святую гору Мою, приготовляете трапезу для Гада и растворяете полную чашу для Мени, –

Комментарий к Исаия 65:11

Исаия 65:12

вас обрекаю Я мечу, и все вы преклонитесь на заклание: потому что Я звал, и вы не отвечали; говорил, и вы не слушали, но делали злое в очах Моих и избирали то, что было неугодно Мне.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:12

Исаия 65:13

Посему так говорит Господь Бог: вот, рабы Мои будут есть, а вы будете голодать; рабы Мои будут пить, а вы будете томиться жаждою;

Комментарий к Исаия 65:13

Исаия 65:14

рабы Мои будут веселиться, а вы будете в стыде; рабы Мои будут петь от сердечной радости, а вы будете кричать от сердечной скорби и рыдать от сокрушения духа.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:14

Исаия 65:15

И оставите имя ваше избранным Моим для проклятия; и убьет тебя Господь Бог, а рабов Своих назовет иным именем,

Комментарий к Исаия 65:15

Исаия 65:16

которым кто будет благословлять себя на земле, будет благословляться Богом истины; и кто будет клясться на земле, будет клясться Богом истины, – потому что прежние скорби будут забыты и сокрыты от очей Моих.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:16

Исаия 65:17

Ибо вот, Я творю новое небо и новую землю, и прежние уже не будут воспоминаемы и не придут на сердце.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:17

Исаия 65:18

А вы будете веселиться и радоваться вовеки о том, что Я творю: ибо вот, Я творю Иерусалим веселием и народ его радостью.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:18

Исаия 65:19

И буду радоваться о Иерусалиме и веселиться о народе Моем; и не услышится в нем более голос плача и голос вопля.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:19

Исаия 65:20

Там не будет более малолетнего и старца, который не достигал бы полноты дней своих; ибо столетний будет умирать юношею, но столетний грешник будет проклинаем.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:20

Исаия 65:21

И буду строить домы и жить в них, и насаждать виноградники и есть плоды их.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:21

Исаия 65:22

Не будут строить, чтобы другой жил, не будут насаждать, чтобы другой ел; ибо дни народа Моего будут, как дни дерева, и избранные Мои долго будут пользоваться изделием рук своих.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:22

Исаия 65:23

Не будут трудиться напрасно и рождать детей на горе; ибо будут семенем, благословенным от Господа, и потомки их с ними.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:23

Исаия 65:24

И будет, прежде нежели они воззовут, Я отвечу; они еще будут говорить, и Я уже услышу.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:24

Исаия 65:25

Волк и ягненок будут пастись вместе, и лев, как вол, будет есть солому, а для змея прах будет пищею: они не будут причинять зла и вреда на всей святой горе Моей, говорит Господь.

Комментарий к Исаия 65:25

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Книга пророка Исаии 1:1 — Видение Исаии, сына Амосова, которое он видел о Иудее и Иерусалиме, во дни Озии, Иоафама, Ахаза, Езекии царей Иудейских …   Библия. Ветхий и Новый заветы. Синодальный перевод. Библейская энциклопедия арх. Никифора.

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Книга пророка Исаии 20:2 — В то самое время Господь сказал Исаии, сыну Амосову, так: пойди и сними вретище с чресл твоих и сбрось сандалии твои с ног твоих. Он так и сделал: ходил нагой и босой. 4Цар.1:8 Зах.13:4 …   Библия. Ветхий и Новый заветы. Синодальный перевод. Библейская энциклопедия арх. Никифора.

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SCRIPTURE: Isaiah 65:1-9

COMMENTARY:

THE CONTEXT:ISAIAH 63:7 – 64:11

Isaiah 65 is Yahweh’s answer to the lament of Isaiah 63:7 – 64:11.  The lament begins by the people remembering Yahweh’s “loving kindnesses” (63:7).  They admit that Yahweh’s children “rebelled, and grieved his holy Spirit” so that Yahweh became “their enemy” (63:10).  They then remember “the days of old,” and ask, “Where is he who brought them up out of the sea?” (63:11)—and “O Yahweh, why do you make us to err from your ways, and harden our heart from your fear?” (63:17). They beg, “Return for your servants’ sake, the tribes of your inheritance” (63:17).  They plead, “Oh that you would tear the heavens, that you would come down” (64:1) and “Don’t be furious, Yahweh, neither remember iniquity forever: see, look, we beg you, we are all your people.”  They complain, “Our holy and our beautiful house, where our fathers praised you, is burned with fire; and all our pleasant places are laid waste” (64:11).

In Isaiah 65, we hear Yahweh’s response to their pleas and complaints.  Yahweh has been available to them (v. 1)—even to rebellious people whose actions were abominable (vv. 2-5).  Yahweh will repay them for the sins (vv. 6-7), but “will not destroy them all,” but will instead “bring forth descendants from Jacob” (vv. 8-9).

Yahweh’s response has a redemptive purpose.  “If there was to be a restoration to health, denial had to be replaced with acknowledgement of responsibility” (Hanson, 241).  Chapter 65 is a “tough love” confrontation designed to bring the people face-to-face with their failure to seek relationship with Yahweh.

ISAIAH 65:1.  I AM FOUND BY THOSE WHO DIDN’T SEEK ME

1“I am inquired of by those who didn’t ask; I am found by those who didn’t seek me: I said, See me, see me, to a nation that was not called by my name.”

This is the beginning of Yahweh’s response—a damning rebuttal to their complaints.  They alleged, “There is no one who calls on your name… for you have hidden your face from us” (64:7), but Yahweh says that he was available, even to those who did not ask or seek.  He was actively seeking them, saying “See me, see me,” but they were not called by his name.

“A nation that was not called by my name” “means that they were not submitting themselves to him in the usual covenant forms, which prescribed confession of sins, submission to YHWH’s will in renewing covenant, and asking for his direction” (Watts, 918).

ISAIAH 65:2-5.  I HAVE SPREAD OUT MY HANDS TO A REBELLIOUS PEOPLE

2“I have spread out my hands all the day to a rebellious people, who walk in a way that is not good, after their own thoughts; 3 a people who provoke me to my face continually, sacrificing in gardens, and burning incense on bricks; 4who sit among the graves, and lodge in the secret places; who eat pig’s flesh, and broth of abominable things is in their vessels; 5who say, ‘Stand by yourself, don’t come near to me, for I am holier than you.’ These are a smoke in my nose, a fire that burns all the day.”

“I have spread out my hands all the day to a rebellious people, who walk in a way that is not good, after their own thoughts” (v. 2).  They admitted their rebellion (63:10), but complained, that Yahweh “turned to be their enemy, and he himself fought against them” (63:10).  Yahweh responds that he has not been their enemy, but has held out his hands to them (a gesture of invitation), even though they were rebellious—even though they were not walking in a good way—even though they were following their own devices instead of obeying him.

While this verse doesn’t examine motives, it is easy enough to imagine what happened.  To people caught up in rebellion, an invitation to return home can seem dull and unappealing.  Bright lights beckon.  Temptations promise roller-coaster thrills.  The tempter whispers that unimaginable wonders lie just around the corner.  We assume that the way home will always be open, but in our search for new adventures continue to distance ourselves further and further from the one who could save us.

“a people who provoke me to my face continually” (v. 3a)—the people provoke Yahweh deliberately—openly—wantonly.

“sacrificing in gardens” (v. 3b).  This probably alludes to a fertility ritual (Tucker, Preaching, 309) or a nature cult (Muilenburg, 747).

“and burning incense on bricks” (v. 3c).  This probably alludes to offering incense in worship of a pagan god.

“who sit among the graves, and lodge in the secret places” (v. 4a)—consulting the dead or spending the night in secret rituals.

“who eat pig’s flesh, and broth of abominable things is in their vessels” (v. 4b).  This could be a feast dedicated to a pagan god.

The Torah prohibits eating the flesh of swine as well as a number of other animals (Leviticus 11:7; Deuteronomy 14:4).  “Abominable things” could be any animals prohibited by Jewish law.

“who say, ‘Stand by yourself, don’t come near me, for I am holier than you’” (v. 5a).  These people who have been provoking Yahweh, engaging in pagan rites, and consuming forbidden meats nevertheless adopt a “holier than thou” stance in their relationship to other people.  They separate themselves from other people, lest their holiness be contaminated by other people’s sins.

This sounds very much like the scribes and Pharisees of the New Testament, with one exception.  The scribes and Pharisees didn’t engage in pagan rites or consuming forbidden meats.  Their sin was focusing almost totally on cultic observance at the expense of “the weightier matters of the law:  justice and mercy and faith” (Matthew 23:23).

“These are a smoke in my nose, a fire that burns all the day” (v. 5b).  Smoke in the nostrils is probably a metaphor for anger.  If so, this verse speaks of Yahweh’s continual anger over the sins of his people (Oswalt, 639-640).

ISAIAH 65:6-7.  I WILL RECOMPENSE

6“Behold, it is written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, yes, I will recompense into their bosom, 7your own iniquities, and the iniquities of your fathers together,” says Yahweh, “who have burned incense on the mountains, and blasphemed me on the hills; therefore will I first measure their work into their bosom.”

“‘Behold, it is written before me’” (v. 6).  A written decree implies special authority.

“‘I will not keep silence, but will recompense, yes, I will recompense into their bosom, your own iniquities, and the iniquities of your fathers together’, says Yahweh” (vv. 6-7a).  “Into their bosom” refers to “the fold above the belt in which the ancient Oriental carried his money and personal possessions” (Muilenburg, 749).  We would usually associate that phrase with someone stuffing money into one’s bosom, but here Yahweh is promising punishment rather than rewards.

“‘who have burned incense on the mountains, and blasphemed me on the hills; therefore will I first measure their work into their bosom’” (v. 7b).  While Israel often encountered Yahweh on a mountain (Moses at Mt. Sinai—Elijah at Mt. Carmel), the reference here is to the worship of pagan gods on mountains and hills.  Yahweh promises to pay the people in full (to punish them) for their worship of false gods.

ISAIAH 65:8-9.  I WILL BRING FORTH A SEED OUT OF JACOB

8Thus says Yahweh,

“As the new wine is found in the cluster, and one says, ‘Don’t destroy it, for a blessing is in it:’ so will I do for my servants’ sake, that I may not destroy them all. 9 I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my mountains; and my chosen shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there.”

“As the wine is found in the cluster, and one says, ‘Don’t destroy it, for a blessing is in it:’ so I will do for my servants’ sake, that I may not destroy them all” (v. 8).  The tone changes here.  “What had been a speech of judgment, now, inexplicably, becomes a speech of saving assurance” (Brueggemann, 241).

Just as a winemaker would not discard a whole cluster of grapes because of a few bad ones, so also Yahweh will not destroy people indiscriminately, but will save the good ones.

“I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my mountains; my chosen shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there” (v. 9).  The phrase “my mountains” refers to Yahweh’s land (Isaiah 14:25; Ezekiel 36:1, 8; 38:8), so this is a promise to return the Promised Land to “my chosen ones” and “my servants” (Oswalt, 646).

SCRIPTURE QUOTATIONS are from the World English Bible (WEB), a public domain (no copyright) modern English translation of the Holy Bible.  The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament.  The ASV, which is also in the public domain due to expired copyrights, was a very good translation, but included many archaic words (hast, shineth, etc.), which the WEB has updated.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Brueggemann, Walter, Westminster Bible Companion:  Isaiah 40-66 (Louisville:  Westminster John Knox Press, 1998)

Hanson, Paul D., Interpretation Commentary: Isaiah 40-66, (Louisville: John Knox Press, 1995)

Muilenburg, James (Introduction and Exegesis of Isaiah 40-66); and Coffin, Henry Sloane (Exposition of Isaiah 40-66), The Interpreter’s Bible:  Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Vol. 5 (Nashville:  Abingdon Press, 1956)

Oswalt, John N., The New International Commentary on the Old Testament: The Book of Isaiah, Chapters 40-66 (Grand Rapids:  William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1998)

Seitz, Christopher R., The New Interpreters Bible: Isaiah, Vol. VI (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2001)

Tucker, Gene M. in Craddock, Fred B.; Hayes, John H.; Holliday, Carl R.; and Tucker, Gene M.,Preaching Through the Christian Year, C (Valley Forge:  Trinity Press, 1994)

Watts, John D. W., Word Biblical Commentary: Isaiah 34-66 (Dallas:  Word Books, 1987)

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Copyright 2010, Richard Niell Donovan

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Ancient Israel was rejected for rejecting the Lord—The Lord’s people will rejoice and triumph during the Millennium.

1 I am asought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me, unto a nation that was not called by my bname.

2 I have spread out my hands all the day unto a arebellious people, which walketh in a way that was not good, after their own thoughts;

3 A people that provoketh me to aanger continually to my face; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of bbrick;

4 aWhich remain among the graves, and lodge in the monuments, which eat swine’s flesh, and broth of abominable things is in their vessels;

5 Which say, Stand by thyself, come not near to me; for I am aholier than thou. These are a smoke in my nose, a fire that burneth all the day.

6 Behold, it is written before me: I will not keep silence, but will arecompense, even recompense into their bosom,

7 Your iniquities, and the iniquities of your fathers together, saith the Lord, which have burned incense upon the mountains, and ablasphemed me upon the hills: therefore will I measure their former work into their bosom.

8 ¶ Thus saith the Lord, As the anew wine is found in the cluster, and one saith, Destroy it not; for a blessing is in it: so will I do for my servants’ sakes, that I may bnot destroy them all.

9 And I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of aJudah an inheritor of my mountains: and mine belect shall cinherit it, and my servants shall dwell there.

10 And Sharon shall be a fold of flocks, and the valley of aAchor a place for the herds to lie down in, for my people that have sought me.

11 ¶ But ye are they that forsake the Lord, that forget my holy mountain, that prepare a table for that atroop, and that furnish the drink offering unto that bnumber.

12 Therefore will I number you to the sword, and ye shall all bow down to the slaughter: because when I acalled, ye did not answer; when I spake, ye did not hear; but did evil before mine eyes, and did choose that wherein I delighted not.

13 Therefore thus saith the Lord God, Behold, my servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty: behold, my servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed:

14 Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall ahowl for vexation of spirit.

15 And ye shall leave your name for a acurse unto my chosen: for the Lord God shall slay thee, and call his servants by another bname:

16 That he who ablesseth himself in the earth shall bless himself in the God of truth; and he that sweareth in the earth shall bswear by the God of truth; because the former troubles are forgotten, and because they are hid from mine eyes.

17 ¶ For, behold, I acreate new bheavens and a cnew dearth: and the eformer shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.

18 But be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create: for, behold, I create Jerusalem a arejoicing, and her people a joy.

19 And I will arejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people: and the voice of weeping shall be no more heard in her, nor the voice of crying.

20 There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an aold man that hath not filled his days: for the bchild shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner being an hundred years old shall be accursed.

21 And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and aeat the fruit of them.

22 They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as the days of a atree are the days of my people, and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands.

23 They shall not alabour in vain, nor bring forth for trouble; for they are the bseed of the blessed of the Lord, and their coffspring with them.

24 And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I will aanswer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear.

25 The awolf and the lamb shall bfeed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust shall be the serpent’s meat. They shall not churt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the Lord.

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