Prayer and bible study

The Lord’s Prayer may be the most familiar prayer that exists.  It is found in the Bible, in Matthew and in Luke, and came from the very mouth of Jesus Christ.  This prayer is actually instructional; it is a model prayer that is meant to teach us the correct focus and emphasis of prayer.  Although it is commonly called ‘The Lord’s Prayer’, it should more correctly be called ‘The Disciples’ Prayer’ because it is meant as a model prayer for those who follow Jesus.

The context of the Prayer

We find Matthew’s recounting of Jesus’ delivery of the Lord’s Prayer set amidst Jesus’ teachings against hypocritical religious acting.  Jesus was contrasting the way the false religious leaders acted with how true followers of God should behave.  Jesus had cautioned His disciples not to call attention to themselves in prideful ways when they went about living out their faith.  He said that the false religious teachers like to call attention to themselves, instead of pointing to God, when they did things like giving to the needy (Matthew 6:2-4) or praying (Matthew 6:5-8).  After Jesus had finished describing the wrong way to pray, He illustrated the right way to pray by using this model prayer.

Of course, if this prayer is simply memorized and repeated without a heartfelt commitment and earnest sincerity, it becomes the same sort of hypocritical mumbling that Jesus had just condemned.  This prayer was never meant to be mimicked; it was to serve as an outline, or guide, for the sincere devotee to God.  As we will see, this prayer requires an honest love for God on the part of the one praying for it to be anything more than a superstitious poem that will not even reach the ceiling.

The content of the Prayer

“Pray then like this…”  (9a)

Jesus had railed against the false religiosity of the Pharisees and Sadducees.  He had pointed out that they do their religious duties for selfish reasons, to steal the glory that rightfully belongs to God for themselves, not out of love and service to Him.  How often do we do the same thing today?  How many times do we do something good for someone simply to make ourselves look good?  Rather, we should be doing everything for Jesus’ sake; out of love for Him and for His glory and honor.

“Our Father in heaven…”  (9c)

This phrase recognizes our allegiance to God.  He is our Father; He created us, He sustains us, He gives us spiritual life.  Everything we have and everything we are or ever hope to be, we owe to Him.  The all-powerful Creator, Who lives outside of time and space, in the realm we call ‘Heaven’, is our Father, our God, our life, and our Savior.  When we pray, we must be aware of exactly Who it is to Whom we are praying.  “Those who pray like this are members of a family, and they look to God as the Head of the family, one who is bound to them by ties of love” (Baker, vol. II, p. 1350). 

 “…hallowed be your name” (9c)

In Jesus’ day, a person’s name was indicative of his character.  This phrase means that we realize, and acknowledge, that God is holy, “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory!”  (Isaiah 6:3 ESV).  There are too many people these days who think too little on God’s holiness.  We do not realize that God is perfect, He is our Creator, He sustains us, and He deserves our worship and love.  Too often, we do not approach Him with the reverential awe, or fear, that the Bible commands, “The fear of the LORD leads to life, and whoever has it rests satisfied; he will not be visited by harm” (Proverbs 19:23 ESV).

“Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven” (10)

This phase means that we should want God’s plan to be carried out by humans on earth the same way it is carried out by the angels in Heaven.  As believers, our hearts should be set on furthering His Kingdom any way that He asks of us.  We should be agents of change, whose mission is to share the good news of God’s love for humanity with all those we can, so that this world would be more like His Kingdom.  “The servant of God looks for the rule of God to become actual in more and more lives” (Baker, vol. II, p. 1350).

“Give us this day our daily bread…”  (11)

The believer should be living in a daily dependence on God’s provision.  After Jesus had told His followers that they need not worry about having the necessities of life, He said, “But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you”  (Matthew 6:33 ESV).  “…the prayer is for the simple and present necessities of life.  Jesus is counseling his followers to pray for necessities, not luxuries, and for what is needed now, not a great store for many days to come.  By confining the petition to present needs Jesus teaches a day-by-day dependence on God” (Baker, vol. II, p. 1351).

“…and forgive us our debts , as we also have forgiven our debtors” (12)

Because we are believers in Jesus Christ, our sins are forgiven.  Therefore, this is not saying that our sins are forgiven because we forgive others.  Rather, we forgive others because we have been forgiven.  It is easy to forgive others when we truly understand how much God has forgiven us.  If we claim to have had our sins forgiven by God, yet we refuse to forgive others, there is a problem with our relationship with God, and that problem needs to be dealt with.

“And lead us not into temptation…”  (13a)

We know that God does not tempt anyone with evil (James 1:13).  Therefore, this phrase must be a request for God to guide our paths away from temptation and testing.  It is a request for protection against that which might cause us to fall into sin.  The Bible tells us that everything that happens is either caused by God, or God allows it.  As such, we believers realize that God is in control of every second of our lives, so we pray for God to guide our steps away from temptation and towards holiness.

“…but deliver us from evil” (13b)

God is the only one Who can protect us from evil .  It is by His strength that we are enabled to stand against the world, the flesh, and the devil.  “Submit yourselves therefore to God.  Resist the devil, and he will flee from you” (James 4:7 ESV).  The Bible also tells us that God will not let us be tempted or tested more than He will also supply the ability for us to endure, “No temptation has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempted beyond your ability, but with the temptation he will also provide the way of escape, that you may be able to endure it” (I Corinthians 10:13 ESV).

Conclusion:  Important Principles from the Lord’s Prayer

When we pray to God, we must understand that He is the Holy Creator, and Sustainer, of the universe.  Our basic motivation in prayer must be for His glory and the furtherance of His Kingdom.  We can surely ask Him to supply our needs and comfort our afflictions, but we must always recognize that His will trumps ours.  We should desire that His will be done here on earth, and we should be willing to submit to His plan, rather than expect Him to submit to ours.  We must always remember that every good thing comes from God (James 1:17); He lovingly supplies our needs.  We must forgive others as we have been forgiven.  We must trust God to deliver us from any temptation or testing that we should encounter, knowing that we are unable to resist temptation on our own.  When we pray with this attitude, we can say with the apostle John, “And this is the confidence that we have toward him, that if we ask anything according to his will he hears us” (I John 5:14 ESV).

Here are some more Bible study articles for you to read:

  • Are Christians saints?

  • Bible study on joy

  • A Bible study on friends


The Holy Bible, English Standard Version

“Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible.  Walter A. Elwell, ed.  Baker Book House, 1988.

YouTube video: “Our Father” by Don Moen

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Sometimes people do not know where to start reading in the Bible, so they do what you describe. They say, “Lord, show me where you want me to read” and randomly open their Bible and start reading wherever the Bible happens to open. This has long been known as the “lucky dip” method. The Lord could give blessing in this way, but we have no promise (or Bible example) that he will. In general it is not the best way to read his Word.

To show some of the dangers in the “lucky dip” method, consider the following illustration that has been around for generations: The story is told of a man who used this method. The first verse he happened to turn to was Matthew 27:5 which says Judas “went away and hanged himself.” Since he was not sure how this verse applied to himself, he flipped to another passage and the Bible fell open to Luke 10:37: “Jesus told him, Go, and do likewise.” The man was quite upset and he did not know how he could ever obey that, so he decided to turn to one more place. Again he opened the Bible at random and to his horror his finger fell upon John 13:27: “What you are about to do, do quickly.” Each of the verses are taken out of their context and end up giving messages that are not helpful or suitable.

Here are a few encouragements that have been around a long time. They point to a better and richer way to use the Bible.

  • Read systematically. When we read a book, a story, a letter or an essay, we generally start at the beginning and read through until we get to the end. This is how the writer wrote it, and this is the best way to read it. The same should be true with the books of the Bible. The best way to read is to start at the beginning of a book and continue until you get to the end. When Paul wrote the book of Romans, he did not write chapter 13 first and then chapter 8. He began with chapter 1 and then wrote chapter 2, etc. Shouldn’t we read it this way to enjoy his message?
  • Read carefully. Pay close attention to each word. Be careful not to let your mind start to daydream. (To check this you can always ask yourself: What did I just read?)
  • Read inquisitively. As you read the Bible, be asking questions such as these: Who is the author or speaker? To whom is the passage written or who is the speaker addressing? What are the main ideas? Other key questions that will help to bring out the meaning of the passage as are follows: Is there any command to obey? Is there any promise to believe? Is there a good example to follow? Is there any sin to avoid? Do I learn anything about God? Do I learn anything about humans—me? Is there anything I can thank God for?
  • Read lovingly. Think of a young woman in love with her fiancé who is separated from her by many miles. How do you suppose she would read his love letters? As soon as the letter arrives in the mail she would open it and read it all the way through with great interest. Then she would likely read it again, this time slowly. She would think about every word. She would lovingly meditate upon every phrase and think to herself, “I wonder why he said this?” Even after she finishes reading the letter she would remember much of what was contained in the letter and she would continue thinking about it throughout the day. Read the Bible in that way! The Bible is God’s love letter to us.
  • Read prayerfully. Trust the Holy Spirit to teach you. Make it a habit to pray before you read. Psalm 119:18 is a good example of such a prayer. It is the Lord that gives understanding (2 Timothy 2:7). In this way the reading of God’s Word may serve as a constant source of joy and wisdom to your heart!

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